Since the beginning of time, people have been fleeing conﬂict, natural catastrophes, droughts, poverty, and other causes and relocating to more privileged areas, which signifies the importance of Refugee crisis rehabilitation. Lately, the flow of immigrants and refugees has been driven by a lack of security and a desire to live a better life with the prospect of a future.
Over 21 million individuals have been forced to seek asylum abroad around the world. Governments owe it to them to assist them. However, most wealthy countries continue to regard refugees as someone else’s problem. Trying to hide behind controlled immigration and fears of being “swamped,” they have conveniently empowered poorer countries, primarily in the Middle East, Africa, and South Asia, to host an astounding 86% of all refugees.
Refugees and displaced people are already vulnerable to complex physical, mental, and social issues that contribute to poor healthcare outcomes and hinders effective social acceptance.
It only takes a few months to set up proper camps and deploy the first phase of getting them up and running if you have the right tools, a team, and a sufficient budget. Most immediate crisis scenarios would be over if they were handled correctly. Here are some elemental changes that can significantly enhance the efficacy of Refugee crisis rehabilitation.
Combat human trafficking
Countries should look into and punish gangs involved in smuggling of migrants that manipulate refugee camps and migrant policies, putting people’s safety first. According to survivors Amnesty International met in Southeast Asia, smugglers killed individuals who were onboard boats when their families couldn’t pay ransoms. Others have been thrown overboard and drowned or died as a result of a lack of food and water.
Governments must also quit criticizing refugees and migrants for social and economic challenges and instead combat all forms of discrimination. Acting otherwise is deeply unjust, incites unrest and the fear of foreigners, and can result in violence – even killing.
Providing living conditions that allow transitory camps to transform to much more formal settlements can help in promoting new ways of life and economic opportunities, as well as open spaces that encourage community building. The notion is that individuals shape space to their liking, while buildings that are unable to change shape them.
The need for social interaction is critical in the refugee situation. Within the camps, public spaces are best suited for community life and letting go of grievances, relieving pressure, and gaining hope.
Strong Administrative measures
Infrastructure utilities, regularization of land ownership, and building projects must all be considered as part of the transition from informal to formal. However, a management model should also be developed in such a way that forms of employment and professions adapt to the transition of camp into the more resilient settlements; prospects for woodworkers, technicians, painters, and other professionals will help them transition from refugees to citizens.
All in all refugee camps can sustain themselves and even contribute to the economy, if the refugees are provided with a nourishing and grooming environment.